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The NIH Division of Biologics Standards (DBS) licensed the rubella vaccine for use in June 1969. Explore this selection of items from the NLM Digital Collections to discover how scientists working at the DBS set policy, conducted research, and enforced standards to ensure the safety of vaccines.

A chart

Pertussis Vaccine Symposium, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, Division of Biologics Standards, Bethesda, Maryland, 1963

Courtesy National Library of Medicine

DBS regularly hosted meetings between pharmaceutical companies, regulators, and researchers working at universities and government agencies. The transcript of the 1963 pertussis vaccine symposium captured the simultaneously adversarial and collegial relationship between them.