National Library of Medicine

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Explore research on industrial lead exposure, childhood lead poisoning, and the health impacts of lead water pipes, as well as related public health guidance through items in the NLM Digital Collections.

A book cover page

Hygiene of the Printing Trades, Alice Hamilton and Charles H. Verrill, United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1917

Courtesy National Library of Medicine

Pathologist and pioneer of industrial worker safety Alice Hamilton studied the dangers of lead poisoning in many industries. Based on her studies, Hamilton published investigative reports, like this one, on lead in the work environment. In this report, Hamilton and US Department of Labor statistician Charles Verrill presented their research on laborers in the printing trade. These workers, which included adults and children, were exposed to lead fumes, lead dust, and other poisons.